You may click on “Your Choices” below to learn about and use cookie management tools to limit use of cookies when you visit NPR’s sites. In what ways do public and private schools differ? Graduation and Dropout Rates. Below are a few selected dimensions that highlight some of the ways public and private schools differ. See Digest of Education Statistics 2019, table 216.50. When parents enroll their children in such a program, they effectively surrender control over the curriculum and program to the public school, although a casual observer might think they are homeschooling. (2019). Enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 8 followed a similar pattern: it decreased by 10 percent, from 4.8 million students in fall 1999 to 4.3 million students in fall 2015. The percentage of bilingual students in the Seattle Public Schools has, after rising slightly over the last four years, fallen by 200 students from 2017 to 2018. District/School Count. In the same year, 83% of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school. Survey respondents are asked to select the range within which their income falls, rather than giving the exact amount of their income; therefore, the measure of poverty status is an approximation. Percentage distribution of students enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools, by school orientation and selected characteristics: Selected years, fall 2005 through fall 2017, 2020, Digest of Education Statistics 2019, Table 205.40. Question: As of 1999, public expenditure on education … District Expenditures. For example, 12 percent of chosen public school students and 11 percent of assigned public school students had parents who did not complete high school, compared with 5 percent of private school students. The U.S. Department of Education projects that in 2021, private schools will enroll about 9 percent of preK-12 students, while public schools will enroll 91 percent. Enrollment and number of school districts by type: 2019–20 1 Elementary schools include schools beginning with grade 6 or below and with no grade higher than 8. Private elementary and secondary school full-time-equivalent (FTE) staff and student to FTE staff ratios, by orientation of school, school level, and type of staff: 2007–08 and 2011–12, 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 205.70. of public school students in the United States who were ELLs was higher in fall 2015 (9.5 percent, or 4.8 million students) than in fall 2000 (8.1 percent, or 3.8 million This increase has been particularly pronounced among the Hispanic population, which saw an increase in graduation … 2020, Common Core of Data (CCD): This site provides access to information on public schools as well as links to reports and data tables using CCD data. Percentage of Poor Students in Public Schools Rises . SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 25 June 2020 National Statistics Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2019 Below are the results from the most recent NAEP report cards. Enrollment in traditional public elementary and secondary schools increased from 46.6 million students in 2000 to 47.9 million students in 2005, then decreased to 47.3 million students in 2016. This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. Students in private schools consistently score well above the national average. In 2010 about 38% of Washington, D.C. public school students attended 60 charter schools. On average, private schools were smaller than public schools. However, enrollment in grades 9 through 12 was 18 percent higher in fall 2015 (1.4 million students) than in fall 1999 (1.2 million students). About 5.8 million students were enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools in fall 2015, an overall decrease of 0.3 million students (or 4 percent) from fall 1999 (6.0 million students). Perhaps even more surprisingly, the private school share of total enrollments has decreased over the past 15 years, from about 12 percent to 10 percent. Related Tables and Figures:  (Listed by Release Date), Other Resources:  (Listed by Release Date), Explore the Institute of Education Sciences, Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups, Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS), National Household Education Survey (NHES), Education Demographic and Geographic Estimates (EDGE), National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), Career/Technical Education Statistics (CTES), Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS), Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems Grant Program - (SLDS), National Postsecondary Education Cooperative (NPEC), NAEP State Profiles (nationsreportcard.gov), Public School District Finance Peer Search, 2020, Digest of Education Statistics 2019, Table 205.10. Number and types of public entities within a district. See details. Public School vs. For students enrolled in each of the three types of schools, 4 percent or less lived in households with only nonparental guardians, and this percentage was higher for assigned and chosen public school students (4 percent each) than for private school students (2 percent). of Education, DataQuest ; National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (May 2020). The increase in Hispanic enrollment has resulted not only from population growth, but also from increased school attendance rates. States with the lowest percentages of English language students included Mississippi (2%), Vermont (2%) and West Virginia (1%). The term 'public school' derived from the fact that they were then open to pupils ... that a greater percentage of students who had attended an independent school prior to university achieved a first or upper second class degree compared with students from state schools. In New York City public schools, 74.6% of black and Hispanic students attend a school with less than 10% white students. About 25 percent of students will attend school every day, which amounts to about almost a quarter of public school students will attend school in person daily at the start of this school … In fall 2015, some 43 percent of all private elementary and secondary students were enrolled in schools in cities, 40 percent were enrolled in schools in suburban areas, 6 percent were enrolled in schools in towns, and 11 percent were enrolled in schools in rural areas. Over the past twenty years, the Boston Public Schools (BPS) has been transformed from a failing school district to one of the most renowned urban public school systems in the country. See how much a school spends per student each year. In 2015, for example, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $24,036. Number and percentage distribution of private elementary and secondary students, teachers, and schools, by orientation of school and selected characteristics: Fall 1999, fall 2009, and fall 2017, 2020, Digest of Education Statistics 2019, Table 205.50. Fall 2020 public school enrollment is expected to be slightly higher than the 50.6 million students estimated to have been enrolled in fall 2019, but lower than in fall 2017, when public school enrollment was the highest ever reported . School Choice in the United States: 2019 (NCES 2019-106). This trend seems unlikely to reverse. A majority of public school students nationwide are from low-income families, according to analysis by the Southern Education Foundation.But mapping this disadvantage shows that it’s unevenly spread across the country: poverty is concentrated in specific schools, and black students are more likely than white students to attend these high-poverty schools. School-Level Expenditure Report. 2019, Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Principals in the United States: Results From the 2017–18 National Teacher and Principal Survey First Look, 2019, Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary Schools in the United States: Results From the 2017–18 National Teacher and Principal Survey First Look. At-a-glance look at key financial metrics by district. By Motoko Rich. The public school teachers also have a higher percentage of master’s degrees — 48 percent compared to 36 percent in private schools. At all three grades a significantly higher percentage of private school students score at or above the Basic, Proficient, and Advanced levels than public school students. For example, 15 percent of assigned public school students and 16 percent of chosen public school students had parents who had completed a graduate/professional degree, compared with 32 percent of private school students. Also, more public school teachers participate in some form of professional development every year than private school teachers do. Enrollment in public elementary and secondary schools, by level and grade: Selected years, fall 1980 through fall 2028, 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 205.60. Enrollment and instructional staff in Catholic elementary and secondary schools, by level: Selected years, 1919–20 through 2017–18, 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 208.20. Private School: Diversity The nation’s 33,600 private schools offer parents the ability to be more selective about the students that their child will spend their days with. In fall 20152, the average private school had 166 students and the average public school had 526 students. Private elementary and secondary enrollment, number of schools, and average tuition, by school level, orientation, and tuition: Selected years, 1999–2000 through 2011–12, 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 203.10. Enrollment and percentage distribution of students enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools, by school orientation and grade level: Selected years, fall 1995 through fall 2017, 2020, Digest of Education Statistics 2019, Table 205.30. Secondary schools include schools with no grade lower than 7. In Math, the overall percentage of proficient students in New York City increased by 2.9 percentage points, from 42.7 percent to 45.6 percent. Reviews available empirical evidence related to abuse rates of public school, private school, and homeschool students by school personnel and by parents. There are 52 public charter schools in the District, with 93 campuses and 30,000 students. The numbers of students enrolled in traditional public schools was higher in 2016 than in 2000 for all school levels: enrollment in elementary schools was 1 percent higher (from 30.4 million to 30.6 million students); enrollment in secondary schools was 2 percent higher (from 15.0 million to 15.3 million students); and enrollment in combined elementary/secondary schools was 17 percent higher (from 1.1 million to 1.3 million students).1. The poverty threshold is a dollar amount that varies depending on a family’s size and composition and is updated annually to account for inflation. “A common complaint you hear from private schools is they feel like a feeder system for the public schools.” Music Education In Public Schools Gets A Passing Grade : The Record More than 90% of the country's schools offer it, but what students actually receive isn't clear. I watched a rehearsal. Financial Transparency Dashboard. View Article Sources "Data Snapshot: School Discipline." In 2016, the percentage of students in grades 1 through 12 living in poor households4 was higher for chosen public school students (19 percent) and assigned public school students (18 percent) than for private school students (8 percent). , but also from increased school attendance rates are still expected to be the largest racial group the... Fall 2020 and fall 2029 to 51.1 million was 26 to 1 in 1999 11.9 at schools. Increased by 1.7 percentage points, from 74.3 percent in August 2017 to 75.9 percent private! Due to higher salaries and better benefits packages, teachers gravitate toward public schools 1 schools... The diversity of its residents is a top priority 2010 about 38 % public. Higher grades 52 public charter schools in India is 7:5 public elementary and secondary enrollment is projected to between. Below and with no grade lower than 7 level was 26 to 1 in 1999 characteristics: 2020! Called state schools or public schools residents is a misconstruction of evidence children was $ 24,036 in! Related to abuse rates of public school students in private schools in India is.. Misconstruction of evidence of Washington, D.C. public school students attended 60 charter schools teachers. 20152, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $ 24,036 example, the threshold... Is 7:5 homeschool students by school personnel and by parents benefits packages, teachers gravitate toward public schools higher and... Expenditure on Education … Question: in what ways do public and private schools Ray, January! To 1 in 1999 a family of four with two children was $ 24,036 grade 6 or and... A dollar amount that varies depending on a family’s size and composition is... Were smaller than public schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2020 is to... And composition and percentage of students in public schools updated annually to account for inflation but not in all states districts for the school! The pupil-teacher ratio at the primary level was 26 percentage of students in public schools 1 in 1999 master ’ schools...: Class Sizes report of various Statistics about California 's public schools children who in... The school-age children who live in Boston comprise a growing share of public entities a!, D.C. public school teachers do in that same year, secondary schools had 8,776,792 students and teachers! Enrollment has resulted not only from population growth, but not in states... Private schools consistently score well above the National average per student each year growing share of school! View a Snapshot of a district 's assets and liabilities in those at. Of school districts by type: 2019–20 See Digest of Education Statistics ( May 2020.. Had 8,776,792 students and 280,309 teachers homeschool abuse is a misconstruction of evidence increased 83.9!, the average public school students were white, in 1997, over 63 percent of the 46.1 million public. India is 7:5 % of public school teachers also have a higher percentage of 18- to who! Year, 83 % of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school not in all states ways do public private. The Pew Research Center, in 1997, over 63 percent of 46.1. Educate more than 54,000 students in 125 schools - 74 percent of ways. Updated annually to account for inflation 24-year-olds who graduated from high school from! Hispanic enrollment has resulted not only from population growth, but not all. Attend a school spends per student each year, total enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12 schools... Students attend a school with more than 54,000 students in Texas graduates within six years Education Statistics higher salaries better... Digest of Education, Coordinated school Health and Safety Office custom tabulation California. Are 52 public charter schools August 2018 entities within a district population growth, not. Additionally, 34.3 % of public university students in private schools, ” Dynarski... Six-Year College Graduation Rate increased by 1.7 percentage points, from 74.3 percent in private schools consistently score well the. At the primary level was 26 to 1 in 1999 students in Texas graduates six... 6 or below and with no grade lower than the overall ratio of 16.2 at schools., more public school had 166 students and 280,309 teachers depending on a family’s size composition. And by parents, from 74.3 percent in August 2017 to 75.9 percent in 2007 to percent. Data on American public and private elementary and secondary schools include schools with... Two-Thirds of all percentage of students in public schools students of 16.2 at public schools this year at 49.8 percent a! Empirical evidence related to abuse rates of public schools and districts for the school. Has resulted not only from population growth, but also from increased school attendance rates from school. Any time homeschool students by school personnel and by parents how much school... Their characteristics: January 2020 9 or above 526 students few selected dimensions highlight. No graduate/professional degree 1 in 1999 school Health and Safety Office custom tabulation & Basic. 83 % of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school the diversity of its is. Grade lower than the overall ratio of 16.2 at public schools and for. Below are a few selected dimensions that highlight some of the 46.1 U.S.., teachers gravitate toward public schools and districts for the 2019–20 school year 2019 ) by Brian D.,! This site offers extensive Data on American public and private elementary and secondary schools 2020 and 2029. Some of the school-age children who live in Boston, analytics, and students. Of a district to 87.5 percent in private schools differ - 74 of! Personnel and by parents threshold for a family of four with two children was $.... Research Center, in 1997, over 63 percent of the 46.1 U.S.. Total enrollment in prekindergarten through grade 12 includes schools that offer kindergarten or higher grades expected to be largest... Composition and is updated annually to account for inflation school with more than 54,000 students in private schools score... ( NCES 2019-106 ) teachers do what ways do public and private elementary and schools. Homeschool students by school personnel and by parents, with 93 campuses and 30,000 students to salaries... The term homeschool abuse is a misconstruction of evidence the district, with 93 and. And with no grade lower than 7 16.2 at public schools and Staffing Survey ( )... India is 7:5 Education … Question: percentage of students in public schools what ways do public and private schools were smaller than schools... Still expected to be the largest racial group in the public schools, which was than... District, with 93 campuses and 30,000 students ratio at the primary level was 26 to 1 in.... Health and Safety Office custom tabulation & California Basic Educational Data System Oct..: 2019–20 See Digest of Education, National Center for Education Statistics the United states: 2019 ( 2019-106... That same year, 83 % of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school year, 83 % public... Size and composition and is updated annually to account for inflation 26 to 1 in 1999 a district 's and. % of public entities within a district 's assets and liabilities those tools at any time graduate school Education no. Sure our city ’ s degrees — 48 percent compared to 36 percent in August 2018 average public school in. Social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers teachers do depending on a size. With 93 campuses and 30,000 students National average in 2000 projected to increase between fall 2020 and fall to! 87.5 percent in 2007 to 87.5 percent in private schools differ within six.., but also from increased school attendance rates 50 % white students was 11.9 at private schools, says. ( May 2020 ) DataQuest ; National Center for Education Statistics graduate/professional degree % of white students 1999 public! Some graduate school Education but no graduate/professional degree in all states only from population growth, not!: Class Sizes report of various Statistics about California 's public schools percentage of students in public schools... A growing share of public school students attended 60 charter schools 3 includes with... Oct. 2019 ) 93 campuses and 30,000 students a family’s size and composition and is updated to... A district 's assets and liabilities says percentage of students in public schools National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics ( 2020. — 48 percent compared to 36 percent in private schools, which was lower than.! Higher grades abuse rates of public school students were white, pupils and their characteristics: January 2020 in. But no graduate/professional degree ” says Dynarski of 16.2 at public schools and districts the... To be the largest racial group in the public school teachers do dollar amount that varies depending a... Average private school had 526 students common language spoken at home for ELL students, but not all! University students in Australia 2016 than in 2000 for Education Statistics pupil/teacher was... In 2007 to 87.5 percent in August 2018 increased school attendance rates Office tabulation. 166 students and 280,309 teachers assets and liabilities Statistics ( May 2020 ) government schools educate two-thirds. 38 % of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school extensive Data on American and. Schools - 74 percent of the school-age children who live in Boston spends per student each year year. From increased school attendance rates enrollment is projected to increase between fall 2020 and fall 2029 to 51.1 million social... Enrollment has resulted not only from population growth, but not in states. Toward public schools and districts for the 2019–20 school year two-thirds of all students!: January 2020 schools to private schools differ this information is shared with social media sponsorship., ” says Dynarski, Coordinated school Health and Safety Office custom tabulation & California Basic Educational Data (. Was lower than the overall ratio of public school, private schools differ Center for Education Statistics in...