It is from here where the River Nile is measured as the world’s longest river. At Khartoum, the Blue Nile joins the White Nile and, as the Nile, flows through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea at Alexandria. - Up to date, only five have been completed. Subsequent rafting expeditions in the 1970s and 1980s generally only covered parts of the river canyon. The Blue Nile is vital to the livelihood of Egypt: as the most significant tributary of the Nile, it contributes over 85% of the Nile's streamflow. Lake Tana (Amharic: ጣና ሐይቅ) is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile. [11] Nevertheless, in a review that compared catches in 2001 to those ten years earlier, it was found that typical sizes of both the tilapia and the catfish had significantly decreased, and populations of the Labeobarbus barbs that breed in the tributaries had significantly declined. Ewaso Ng’iro. [7] Their most important prey are the small Enteromius and Garra species. Govt. Tana River Governor Dhadho Godhana has declared interest in chairing the Council of Governors in an election scheduled for January 29. [7], Because of the large seasonal variations in the inflow of its tributaries, rain and evaporation, the water levels of Lake Tana typically vary by 2–2.5 m (6.6–8.2 ft) in a year, peaking in September–October just after the main wet season. The powerplant has the capacity to generate 460 MW and hence plays a crucial role in the ambitious energy development plans of the government [2]. The historical distribution of salmon in the Tana river system. Despite the importance of the River Nile from antiquity to present-day practices and beliefs in Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, very little research has been conducted on the cultural and religious aspects of the Blue Nile in general and its source, Gish Abay, and Lake Tana in Ethiopia in particular. It travels for approximately 650 km (400 mi), flowing past Er Roseires and receiving the Dinder River on its right bank at Dinder. [7], Among other fauna, the lake supports relatively few invertebrates: There are fifteen species of molluscs, including one endemic, and also an endemic freshwater sponge. His efforts to loosen the government’s grip on politics also emboldened regional power brokers and inflamed smouldering rivalries over resources, ethnicity and … [7] Among the endemic fish, most are considered threatened (endangered or vulnerable) or data deficient (available data insufficient for evaluating a status) by the IUCN. The river was a major source of the flooding of the Nile in Egypt that contributed to the fertility of the Nile Valley and the consequent rise of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian mythology. The river export of DIN to Lake Tana was about 9 kton in 2017 and showed spatial and temporal variability: It was highest in the rainy and lowest in the dry seasons. There are hydroelectric plants and irrigation projects in the Tana basin.Tana (tä`nä) or Tsana (tsä`nä), largest lake of Ethiopia, c.1,400 sq mi (3,630 sq km), S of Gondar. [15], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}12°00′N 037°15′E / 12.000°N 37.250°E / 12.000; 37.250, Major river in flowing across western Ethiopia, "Abbay" redirects here. Lake Tana is a big lake – it takes 8-9 hours to cross by ferry boat. Other important islands in Lake Tana include Dek, Mitraha, Gelila Zakarias, Halimun and Briguida. [8] The lake's nutrient levels are low. The river flows generally south before entering a canyon about 400 km (250 mi) long, about 30 km (19 mi) from Lake Tana, which is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication between north and south Ethiopia. In 1968, at the request of Haile Selassie, a team of 60 British and Ethiopian servicemen and scientists made the first full descent of the river from Lake Tana to a point near the Sudanese border led by explorer John Blashford-Snell. Zege is the site of the Azwa Maryam monastery. Tana River Irrigation Project. The Tana River (Finnish: Teno or Tenojoki; Norwegian: Tanaelva; Swedish: Tana älv), is a 361-kilometre long (224 mi) river in Sápmi area of northern Scandinavia.The river flows through Finnmark county, Norway and the Lapland region of Finland.The Sámi name means "Great River". Even before the conflict in Tigray, Abiy faced periodic outbreaks of violence across the country. [4], Lake Tana has a number of islands, whose number varies depending on the level of the lake. Tana research & monitoring group, report 1-2014 4 Table 1. Distribution numbers are collected and systematized by Eero Niemelä, FGFRI, based on various scattered historical sources (unpublished) and interviews with local people. Some twenty of these islands shelter churches and monasteries of significant historical and cultural interest. Blue Nile River, headstream of the Nile River and source of almost 70 percent of its floodwater at Khartoum. The River Nile is the longest river in the world. The source of the most famous river in the world Click here for tour information Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia, situated north of the beautiful town of Bahir Dar is the source from where the famous Blue Nile starts its long journey to Khartoum, and on to the Mediterranean. Compared to other tropical lakes, the waters in Lake Tana are relatively cold, typically ranging from about 20 to 27 °C (68–81 °F). ESA / Applications / Observing the Earth. [14], On 29 January 2005, Canadian Les Jickling and his teammate New Zealander Mark Tanner completed the first fully human-powered transit of the entire Blue Nile and Nile in the Sudan and Egypt. Refugees stand on the bank of a river that separates Sudan from Ethiopia, near the Hamdayet transit camp. The lake level has been regulated since the construction of the control weir where the lake discharges into the Blue Nile. Today, the river continues to serve as a source of irrigation, as well as an important transportation and trade route. [6] However, the Portugese João Bermudes, the self-described "Patriarch of Ethiopia," provided the first description of the Tis Abay River Falls in his memoirs published in 1565, and a number of Europeans who lived in Ethiopia in the late 15th century such as Pêro da Covilhã could have seen the river long before Páez, but not reached its source. [12] In the early 2000s, the local government for the first time introduced a fisheries legislation and it is hoped this will have a positive effect on the fish populations. [2] Lake Tana is fed by the Gilgel Abay, Reb and Gumara rivers. The piscivorous Labeobarbus of Lake Tana are relatively inefficient predators that only can take fish up to about 15% of the length of the predator itself. Along with the White Nile, it is one of the two major tributaries of the Nile, and supplies about 80% of the water in the Nile during the rainy season. The Tana River basin supplies Nairobi with 80 per cent of its drinking water. The source of the river Nile remains a matter of debate. Location: The Tana Forum takes place in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia – a relaxing town located on the shores of Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile River. Sand harvesting is also common along ephemeral stream in the middle Basins. A ferry service links Bahir Dar with Gorgora via Dek Island and various lakeshore villages. Jenssen; Jenssen would proceed upriver from Khartoum while Macmillan sailed downstream from Lake Tana. However, Atbara only flows during the rainy seasons in Ethiopia and dries rapidly. 25 sampling stations (12 sites from littoral station both in the southern and northern part of … What is the historical significance of the Nile River? [8], About 230 species of birds, including more than 80 wetland birds such as the great white pelican, African darter, hamerkop, storks, African spoonbill, ibis, ducks, kingfishers and African fish eagle, are known from Lake Tana. The source of the Nile proper was also reached in 1629 by the Portuguese Jesuit missionary Jerónimo Lobo and in 1770 by the Scottish explorer James Bruce. The Authority was established by an Act of Parliament CAP 443. With the completion of the Aswan Dam in 1970, these floods stopped occurring in lower Egypt. The Tana River Basin covers 22% of the country’s total land mass and is home to 18% of the country’s population. Kenya, central Kenya, E Africa, and flowing E then S across Kenya to the Indian Ocean. Bahir Dar has become a large city and it is rapidly growing; its wastewater is generally released directly into the lake. Learn more about the Blue Nile. They contribute about 82% of household incomes and more than 80% of employment. The dam is expected to be a boost for the Ethiopian economy. These lists are based on the compilation in G.W.B. Drumming support for his candidature, Godhana notified the council of his intention to contest for the […] The main tributaries to the lake are Gilgel Abbay (Little Nile River), and the Megech, Gumara, and Rib rivers. Agriculture and livestock production are the main sources of livelihood in Tana River. [7], In addition to the Labeobarbus species flock, the endemic species are Enteromius pleurogramma, E. tanapelagius, Garra regressus, G. regressus and Afronemacheilus abyssinicus (one of only two African stone loaches). River rocks make an interesting border for a bed that’s been planted under a cheerful window box. The main tributaries of Tana are Anarjohka and Karasjohka rivers. Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for November 2020 Format Situation Report Source. Lake Tana, source of the Blue Nile. READ MORE. This controls the flow to the Blue Nile Falls (Tis Abbai) and hydro-power station. The flow of the Blue Nile reaches maximum volume in the rainy season from June to September, when it supplies 80–86% of the water of the Nile proper. For thousands of years, the river has provided a source of irrigation to transform the dry area around it into lush agricultural land. "[5] When James Bruce visited the area in the later 18th century, he noted that the locals counted 45 inhabited islands, but stated he believed that "the number may be about eleven. The source is the farthest point of the river stream from its estuary or its confluence with another river or stream. Tana River County with 62.2 per cent of the population living in absolute poverty, and with the population growth rate of 2.8 per cent, the projected increase in population has a major and direct impact on the basic needs such as food, water, health and education for all ages. "[5] A 20th-century geographer named 37 islands, of which he believed 19 have or had monasteries or churches on them.[5]. The webcam is located in Homer, AK, approximately 120KM (75MI) north-east of Augustine volcano. ), Pictures from Lake Tana and the Monasteries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Tana&oldid=996771297, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 14:55. Violence elsewhere. The first European to have seen the Blue Nile in Ethiopia and the river's source was Pedro Páez, a Spanish Jesuit who reached the river's source on 21 April 1618. The capital and largest town is Hola (sometimes known as Galole). The river's principal tributaries are the White Nile and the Blue Nile. It consists of 15 relatively large, up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) long, Labeobarbus barbs that formerly were included in Barbus instead. Sudan and Egypt, however, voiced their concerns over a potential reduction in water available.[5]. The Hudson River in New York, U.S., is an example of an estuary where brackish water extends more than 241 kilometers (150 miles) upstream. [7] R.E. [7], Largest lake in Ethiopia and major source of Blue Nile. According to Manoel de Almeida (a Portuguese missionary in the early 17th century), there were 21 islands, seven to eight of which had monasteries on them "formerly large, but now much diminished. Lake Tana: Source of the Blue Nile. The Nile River flows over 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) until emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. On the island of Tana Qirqos is a rock shown to Paul B. Henze, on which he was told the Virgin Mary had rested on her journey back from Egypt; he was also told that Frumentius, who introduced Christianity to Ethiopia, is "allegedly buried on Tana Cherqos. [13], On 28 April 2004, geologist Pasquale Scaturro and his partner, kayaker and documentary filmmaker Gordon Brown, became the first known people to navigate the Blue Nile. In November 2012, Ethiopia began construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, a 6000-megawatt hydroelectric dam on the river. Tana (tä`nä), river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising near Mt. Though their expedition included a number of others, Brown and Scaturro were the only ones to remain on the expedition for the entire journey. The slopes of Tana are in the near-right. [4], The lake was originally much larger than it is today. [7] This includes one of only two known cyprinid species flocks (the other, from Lake Lanao in the Philippines, has been decimated by introduced species). + occurs on a regular basis, (+) occurs occasionally. The river originates from Lake Tana in Ethiopia and is about 500 miles long. [9] The team used specially-built Avon Inflatables and modified Royal Engineers assault boats to navigate the formidable rapids. On the second day, I set out further inland from Garsen about one hour’s drive to a small village called Sera Feji; a “vulnerability hotspot” for the impacts of flooding. The river loops across northwest Ethiopia. Crops are grown mainly along the River Tana flood basin, while pastoral livestock production is mostly practiced in the hinterlands. de Graaf, Megens, Samallo, Sibbing (2007). The Kagera River and its tributary the Ruvubu, having its headwaters in Burundi, is now accepted as the true source of the River Nile. It has fallen about 6 feet (1.8 m) in the last 400 years. The river is also an important resource for Sudan, where the Roseires Dam and Sennar Dams produce 80% of the country's power. Lake Tana, largest lake of Ethiopia, in a depression of the northwest plateau, 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level.It forms the main reservoir for the Blue Nile (Abbay) River, which drains its southern extremity near Bahir Dar. The Nile River was extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt. Although there are several feeder streams that flow into Lake Tana, the sacred source of the river is generally considered to be a small spring at Gish Abay, situated at an elevation of approximately 2,744 m (9,003 ft), known as the Gilgel Abay (Lesser Abay River). Among the endemic Labeobarbus, eight species spawn in the lake's wetlands and the remaining move seasonally into its tributaries where they spawn. During the summer monsoon season, the Blue Nile floods erode a vast amount of fertile soil from the Ethiopian Highlands and carry it downstream as silt, turning the water dark brown or almost black.[3]. Other affluents of this lake include the Magech River, the Northern Gumara, the Reb River, the southern Gumara River, and the Kilte.[2]. A potentially serious threat to the unique ecosystem would be an introduction of a large and efficient predatory species like the Nile perch, which has been implicated in numerous extinctions in Lake Victoria. Note Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, the Tissisat Falls, 30 km south of L. Tana and the numerous tributaries in the semi The first serious attempt by a non-local to explore this reach of the river was undertaken by the American W.W. Macmillan in 1902, assisted by the Norwegian explorer B.H. There is also Zege Peninsula on the southwest portion of the lake. Figure 8:Tana River water sources . The river is inadequately protected against these threats and conservation is done on a small scale such as in the Tana River Primate Reserve. "[6] The body of Yekuno Amlak is interred in the monastery of St. Stephen on Daga Island. Electricity is generated via the water sources of Lake Tana where it becomes transferred to a power station and discharged through a tunnel into the Beles River … TARDA. It contributes over 50% of Kenya’s river discharge to the Western Indian Ocean. Huntingford, Mohamed Helmy Mahmoud Moustafa Elsanabary, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Climate, 2008 National Statistics (Abstract)", "Blue Nile: Ethiopia's River of Magic and Mystery - Bookreporter.com", "Envisioning a world where poverty caused by rural isolation no longer exists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blue_Nile&oldid=1000058561, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from November 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Confluence with Blue Nile and merges with, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 10:09. Learn more about the White Nile. They recount that they paddled through civil war conflict zones, regions known for bandits, and encountered multiple hazards and rapids. Blue Nile River. Lake Tana (Amharic: ጣና ሐይቅ) is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile.Located in Amhara Region in the north-western Ethiopian Highlands, the lake is approximately 84 kilometres (52 miles) long and 66 kilometres (41 miles) wide, with a maximum depth of 15 metres (49 feet), and an elevation of 1,788 metres (5,866 feet). It reputedly rises as the Abāy from a spring 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level, near Lake Tana in northwestern Ethiopia. The Tana is Kenya’s longest river and home to Pokomo farmers and Oromo and Wardei pastoral communities. The Blue Nile (Amharic: ጥቁር አባይ, romanized: T’ik’uri Ābayi; Arabic: النيل الأزرق‎, romanized: an-Nīl al-ʾAzraqu), also known as the Abay River (Amharic: አባይ ወንዝ) in Ethiopia, is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. This gorge is a tremendous obstacle for travel and communication from the north half of Ethiopia to the southern half. ... Lake Victoria and a source point in either Rwanda or Burundi, and the Blue Nile heading southeast into Ethiopia to the source point at Lake Tana near Bahir Dar. They include the fourteenth-century Debre Maryam, and the eighteenth-century Narga Selassie, Tana Qirqos (said to have housed the Ark of the Covenant before it was moved to Axum), and Ura Kidane Mehret, known for its regalia. The Mekong is not the region’s sole source of low-carbon power. Rivers are usually fed by many tributaries.The farthest stream is called the head-stream or head water. Fast-flowing rivers carry pebbles, sand, and silt. In 1999, writer Virginia Morell[10] and photographer Nevada Wier made the journey by raft from Lake Tana to the Sudan, publishing a documentary about their journey afterwards. River Tana Development Project - River Tana Development Project was planned to be developed in seven different phases. [7], There are 27 fish species in Lake Tana and 20 of these are endemic. The Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt. This uncertainty might result from the fact that the river flows through a series of virtually impenetrable gorges cut in the Ethiopian Highlands to a depth of some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft)—a depth comparable to that of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in the United States. Seven large permanent rivers feed the lake as well as 40 small seasonal rivers. Cheesman, who records his surprise on arriving in Ethiopia at finding that the upper waters of "one of the most famous of the rivers of the world, and one whose name was well known to the ancients" was in his lifetime "marked on the map by dotted lines", managed to map the upper course of the Blue Nile between 1925 and 1933. The River Nile is formed from the ‘White Nile’, which originates at Lake Victoria and also the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana inside Ethiopia. [8], There are no crocodiles, but the African softshell turtle has been recorded near the Blue Nile outflow from the lake. - Therefore, it was known as the Seven Forks Project. [7], Since there are no inflows that link the lake to other large waterways and the main outflow, the Blue Nile, is obstructed by the Blue Nile Falls, the lake supports a highly distinctive aquatic fauna, which generally is related to species from the Nile Basin. 05/11/2004 8648 views 15 likes. Source: plantas.facilisimo.com. The middle and lower Basins of the Tana are important sources of cattle, goats, sheep and chicken kept under agro-pastoral systems. Ethiopia's largest lake, it is the source of the Blue Nile. The source of a river or stream is the original point from which the river flows. 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